Robot Machines

Used Robot Equipment

Everybody know what a robot is but ask 3 different people and you’ll get 4 different definitions. Wikipedia defines a robot as: A machine—especially one programmable by a computer—capable of carrying out a complex series of actions automatically.

Robots are used in packaging for a variety of applications including palletizing, case packing, filling, line loading, labeling, sorting and stacking and more.

Some of the key parameters to be considered when selecting a robot for any operation:

Floor space – Most robots must be enclosed in a cage or protective guarding large enough to assure that it cannot ever reach outside the safety perimeter. Even if the robot’s normal range of motion is limited, the cage still needs to contain the maximum possible. NOTE: This does not normally apply to collaborative robots.

Speed – Robot speed is typically measured in inches per second. Generally, the heavier the load, the slower the robot will move.

Load capacity – The normal and maximum possible weight that the robot must handle must be considered.

Degrees of freedom required – Degrees of freedom is the number of directions that a robot can move at one time. Six degrees of freedom are required to reach any position in a volume from any angle. The human arm has 6 degrees of freedom. It is usually a function of the number of articulations in a robotic arm.

Five types of robots in common use in packaging:

Articulated arm – Articulated arm robots come in all sizes for lifting ounces to hundreds of pounds. They can have six or more degrees of freedom and are useful for performing complex tasks that may vary significantly from day to day.


SCARA (Selective Compliance Assembly Robot Arm) – SCARA robots typically have 3 degrees of freedom X-Y-Z. They can operate at high speeds on repetitive tasks such as placing candies into thermoforms.


Delta – Delta robots are usually vertical as shown. They have 3 degrees of freedom, X-Y-Z but can have additional degrees of freedom such as rotation added at the end of the arm. They are capable of operating at very high speeds. Picking cookies off of a belt and placing them on a flow wrapper infeed at 150ppm + is child’s play for a delta.


Gantry – Gantry robots, also called Cartesian robots, consist of 2 rails supporting a third rail. The 3rd rail runs on the X axis across the 2 support rails. A head mounted on the 3rd rail runs in the Y axis. The head is mounted to the Y rail with a mechanism that allows it to move up and down in the Z axis. A “wrist” mounted at the bottom of the Z arm can provide additional degrees of freedom.


Collaborative – Collaborative robots are robots designed to operate without the safety guarding normally required by other robots. SAFETY NOTE: This is application dependent and safety guarding may sometimes be required.

Robots are just another machine that is available to automate industrial and other processes. Their biggest advantages are their versatility and standardization. Robots are mass produced in large numbers which means that their cost is low compared to purpose built machines performing similar functions.

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Robot Equipment In Stock

ABB Automation Robot Robotics IRB460-M2004

  • Manufacturer: ABB Automation
  • Model Number: IRB460-M2004
  • Frain Number: 5H5860

ABB Model IRC5M2004, (4) axis, end of the line, robotic, pick n place palletizer arm rated up to 2,190 cycles per hour on a 60 Kg load with number of product – depending on materials and application. Operating range: R-axis (rotation) 320°, Reach 2.4m (7.8 Ft), Maximum handling capacity of 110 Kg, (243 lbs). Ambient temperature range during operation of 0 Deg C (32 Deg F) to 45 Deg C to (113 Deg F). with relative humidity of 95% maximum. Remote Model IRC5 single cabinet controller with touch pad and hand held controls has operator interface with motors on, cycle start, request to enter, S T empty pallet and e-stop push button controls. Mounted on 42" x 42" ground fastened, pedestal style base with enclosed cage style safety guarding.

OAD: 105" L x 50" W x 96" H Robotic Arm
28" L x 29" W x 44" H Control Cabinet

Get a Free Quote Call: 630-629-9900

Bosch Robot Robotics PALOMA

  • Manufacturer: Bosch
  • Model Number: PALOMA
  • Frain Number: 5G7785

Bosch, Model Paloma, in line parallel, cross flow, dual (2) robotic, arm, top load, pick and place system. Rated from 80 to 320 picks per minute with number of case and trays – depending on materials and application. Product size range: 1" to 11¾" in Length; 1" to 11¾" in Width; 0.04" to 4¾" in Height. Container size: 4¾" to 24½" in Length; 4" to 16¾" in Width; 1" to 16" in Height. Capable of handling bags, pouches, trays, blisters and multipack products and half slotted, regular slotted, regular bottom and display containers.(with proper change parts). Equipped with 192" long x 2" wide dual side belt container conveyors. Dual (2) head, 3-Axis robotic pic n place arms, with light touch mechanical product grippers. Control panel has AB controllogix with HMI touch screen. Mounted on base frame with interlock safety guarding.

OAD: 220"L x 75"W x 90"H

Get a Free Quote Call: 630-629-9900